وبلاگ محمدزمانی

چهارشنبه 26 آبان 1395

انواع هرس

نویسنده:   

انواع هرس :
هرس درختان میوه در سه مرحله انجام میگیرد:
۱-هرس شدت:
۲-هرس زمان:
۳-هرس بهربرداری:

۱-هرس شدت خود درچهار مرحله انجام می گیرد :
الف-هرس ضعیف-دراین نوع هرس یک سوم از شاخه ها را هرس میکنیم
ب-هرس متوسطه-دراین نوع هرس یک دوم از شاخه ها راهرس می کنیم پ-هرس شدید-دراین نوع هرس دو سوم از شاخه ها را هرس می کنیم
ت-هرس خیلی شدیددراین نوع هرس چهار پنجم از شاخه ها را هرس می کنیم.
۲-هرس زمان به دو صورت ودر دوزمان مختلف انجام می گیرد.
الف -هرس سبز:هرس سبز زمانی است که درخت درحال رشد ونمو است از  بهارتاپاییزاست.
باهرس خشک:هرس خشک زمانی است که درخت درحال خواب  است هرس آن از زمان برگ ریزان (خزان)از پاییز تا وقت بیداری درختان (بهار)
۳-هرس بهربرداری:هرس بهربرداری در هفت مرحله صورت می گیرد:
الف -هرس اولیه (هرس کاشت)
ب- هرس فرم دهی برای فرم دهی درخت صورت می گیرد.
پ- هرس باردهی
ت- هرس سال آوری
ث-هرس نگهداری(هرس داشت) که مهمترین هرس ،هرس نگهداری است .که باید هرسال روی درختان میوه انجام گیرد .
ج-هرس برای افزایش کیفیت میوه وتغییرمیوه با پیوندزدن.
چ-هرس جوان کردن درختان پیر.
 

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